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Best Practices for Veeam Backup & Replication 7.0 for VMware

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Veeam Backup Search

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Veeam Backup Search is an optional component that is installed on a dedicated Microsoft Search Server in case you need to search through VM guest OS files search in large-scale virtual deployments, using sophisticated search criteria. Once you find a necessary file, you can use Veeam’s file-level restore to recover the file from the VM backup.


Veeam Backup Search is not required if you have a relatively small number of backups: in this case, Veeam Backup Enterprise Manager can process indexing data by itself.

To be able to perform a search within the VM image backup, you need to enable file indexing in properties of a corresponding backup job. When such a backup job is run, Veeam Backup & Replication creates a catalog, or index, of the VM guest OS files and stores index files on the Veeam backup server in the
C:/VBR Catalog/Index/Machines/[vm_name] folder. Creation of index is extremely fast and has minimal impact on network and VMware environment.


At present, the search functionality is supported for Windows-based VMs only.

Once the index is created and stored on backup servers, the indexing service on Veeam Backup Enterprise Manager performs index replication — it aggregates index data for all VM image backups from multiple backup servers. This consolidated index is stored on the Veeam Backup Enterprise Manager server in the C:/VBR Catalog/Index/catalog and is used for search queries.

With a relatively small number of backups, search for guest OS files in backups is performed with Veeam Backup Enterprise Manager. However, if you frequently need to search through a great number of backups (more than 100 VMs or more than 10 million files), it is recommended to install Veeam Backup Search. It uses Microsoft Search Server functionality to crawl content in the shared VBR Catalog folder on the Veeam Backup Enterprise Manager server and to create a content index on the Search Server that is used to process search queries.


Though use of the content index streamlines the search process, the content index itself can require significant space on disk. If you choose to implement search without Veeam Backup Search, you can save on the disk space (but this can result in a slower search process).

For detailed information on Veeam Backup Search, please refer to the Veeam Backup Enterprise Manager User Guide (

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