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Best Practices for Veeam Backup & Replication 7.0 for VMware

Veeam Management Pack Help Center  > Best Practices for Deployment & Configuration >  Tape Integration > Planning for Tape Archiving > Tape Job Setup > Job Settings

Job Settings

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This section describes some considerations for tape job setup that you should keep in mind when running the tape job wizard.

1.On the Backup Files step of the VM-to-tape job wizard, you can choose the source for tape archiving:


Backup job — with this source, when a backup to tape job is run, Veeam Backup & Replication will search and archive restore points from the backups created by the selected backup jobs. This option offers more granularity for archiving and future restore; also, backup jobs for different platforms (VMware, Hyper-V, vCD) can be combined in a single tape archiving job.

Repository — with this source, Veeam Backup & Replication will record to tape all backups created by backup jobs and stored to the selected repository (that is, all backups in bulk). This option does not support granularity. Also, note that imported backups and configuration backups will not be archived.


To provide for data continuity and integrity and to avoid additional load on the infrastructure and tape device, it is recommended that retention period for your media pools is not less than retention for backups in your repository.

For example, if backups to disk (repository) are kept for 14 days, then media pool used to store corresponding backups on tape should be configured to Protect data for 2 weeks (or more). Otherwise, if media pool retention period is shorter than retention of disk backups (e.g., media pool is protected for 1 week), then after it expires, Veeam will start recording repository files to tape anew, producing extra load on the infrastructure and tape media.

2.When on the Media Pool step of the wizard, consider that if your organization’s DR policy requires different retention periods for full and incremental backups, it is recommended to use different media pools for these backups (see Example 1 below). If you have multiple drives, configure a dedicated job for each media pool — to use these drives in parallel.

3.On the Options step, the following opportunities can be selected:

Eject media once the job finishes — this option is a recommended best practice for stand-alone drives that support automatic ejection (consider that leaving tape in a drive may lead to accidental deletion of data due to malfunction or human factor).

Export current media set once the job finishes — use this option and the Days button (export schedule) if you need tapes to be placed in the Export/Mail slot on the certain days and then stored to an offline location (see Example 2 and Example 3 below).


If you want to record Veeam Backup & Replication configuration backup to tape, use File-to-tape job.

4.On the Schedule step, you can select any of the following:

If you have a single backup job linked to tape job, choose to Run the job automatically after this job (select one).

If you have multiple backup jobs linked to tape job, choose to Run after new backup file appears.

If you know the schedule of the backup jobs and can estimate their completion time, you can choose to run tape job on schedule; optionally, use the wait timeout.


With Veeam Backup Management Suite or Veeam Essentials deployed, you can use the Tape Backups report from Veeam Backup & Replication report pack to analyze your tape archiving jobs configuration and, if necessary, modify them for better performance.

The following examples describe some typical configurations for different retention policies and tape devices to help you understand how these factors influence tape job settings:

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