A transport mode is a method that is used by the Veeam Data Mover to retrieve VM data from the source and write VM data to the target. Job efficiency and time required for job completion greatly depend on the transport mode.
For data retrieval, Veeam Backup & Replication offers the following modes (starting from the most efficient):
The Veeam Data Mover responsible for data retrieval runs on a VMware backup proxy. Correspondingly, the transport mode can be defined in the settings of the VMware backup proxy that performs the job.
When you configure VMware backup proxy settings, you can manually select a transport mode, or let Veeam Backup & Replication select the most appropriate mode automatically. If you use automatic mode selection, Veeam Backup & Replication will scan VMware backup proxy configuration and its connection to the VMware vSphere infrastructure to choose the optimal transport mode. If several transport modes are available for the same VMware backup proxy, Veeam Backup & Replication will choose the mode in the following order: Direct storage access > Virtual appliance > Network.
The selected transport mode is used for data retrieval. For writing data to the target, Veeam Backup & Replication picks the transport mode automatically, based on the configuration of the VMware backup proxy and transport mode limitations. There can be no more than one transport mode for one VM.
Veeam Backup & Replication leverages VMware vStorage APIs for Data Protection (VADP) for all transport modes except for backup from storage snapshots, the direct NFS transport mode and the virtual appliance transport mode. VADP can be used for VMware vSphere starting from version 4.
Applicability and efficiency of each transport mode primarily depends on the type of datastore used by the source host — local or shared, and on the VMware backup proxy type — physical or virtual. The table below shows recommendations for installing the VMware backup proxy, depending on the storage type and desired transport mode.
Production Storage Type
Direct Storage Access
Fiber Channel (FC) SAN
Install a VMware backup proxy on a physical server with a direct FC access to the SAN.
Install a VMware backup proxy on a VM running on an ESXi host connected to the storage device.
This mode is not recommended on 1 Gb Ethernet but works well with 10 Gb Ethernet.
Install a VMware backup proxy on any machine on the storage network.
Install a VMware backup proxy on a physical or virtual machine.
Install a VMware backup proxy on a physical server with a direct SAS access to the SAN.
Install a VMware backup proxy on a VM running on an ESXi host connected to the VSAN storage device.
Install a VMware backup proxy on a VM running on an ESXi host connected to the VVol storage.
Install a VMware backup proxy on a VM on every ESXi host.
If you use VMware Cloud on AWS, the only available transport mode is Virtual appliance. We recommend you install a VMware backup proxy on a VM running on an ESXi host connected to the VSAN storage device.