Creating Backup Jobs

To back up files and directories of your machine, you must configure a backup job. The backup job settings define what data to back up as well as where and how to back up data.

You can configure one or more backup jobs to back up your data. Configuring several backup jobs may be useful in the following situations:

  • You can configure backup jobs targeted at different backup repositories to keep several copies of your backed-up data at different locations.
  • You can configure several backup jobs and define individual schedule for every job to back up necessary data at the desired time.

To create a backup job, use the following command:

veeamconfig job create --name <job_name> --reponame <repository_name> <objects> [<advanced_options>] [<schedule_options>] [<active_full_backup_options>] [--indexall]

where:

  • <job_name> — name for the created backup job.
  • <repository_name> — name of the backup repository that will be used as a target location for backup files.

If you want to create Veeam Agent backups on a local storage or in a network shared folder, you must create the backup repository in advance, before configuring the backup job. To learn more, see Creating Backup Repository.

If you want to create Veeam Agent backups in the Veeam backup repository, you must connect to the Veeam backup server in advance, before configuring the backup job. To learn more, see Connecting to Veeam Backup Server.

  • --indexall — defines that Veeam Agent for IBM AIX must index files in the directories included in the backup. To learn more, see File System Indexing.

For example:

$ veeamconfig job create --name system\ backup --reponame [vbr01]\ Backup\ Vol\ 01 --includedirs / --excludemasks "*.pdf" --maxpoints 7 --indexall

 

Creating Backup Jobs Tip:

You can also specify schedule and active full backup schedule settings for the backup job after your create the job. To learn more, see Configuring Backup Schedule and Configuring Active Full Backup Schedule.

 

File Inclusion Options

When you create a backup job, you must specify at least one directory that should be included in backup. If you do not want to back up some files and directories in the specified directory, you can exclude specific files and directories from backup.

To define the backup scope for the file-level backup job, you can use the following command-line options:

Option

Description and values

--includedirs

Full path to a directory that must be included in backup, for example: /home/user.

You can specify one or more paths to directories in the machine file system. To separate several paths, use the ',' (comma) character, for example: /home/user/Documents,/home/user/reports.

--excludedirs

Full path to a directory that must be excluded from backup. The directory specified with this option should be a subdirectory of one of the directories specified with the --includedirs option. Otherwise, the --excludedirs option does not have any effect on backup.

To separate several paths, use the ',' (comma) character, for example, /home/user/Documents,/home/user/reports.

--includemasks

File name mask that defines files that must be included in backup. You can use the following UNIX wildcard characters for file name masks:

  • '*' — a substitution for zero or more characters in the file name or path. Can be used for any sequence of characters (including no characters). For example, *.pdf.
  • '?' — a substitution of one character in the file name or path. For example, repor?.pdf.
  • '[]' — a substitution of one character in the file name or path with any of the characters enclosed in square brackets (or a range of characters defined with the '-' character). For example: report_201[3456].pdf or report_201[3-6].pdf.

If you use wildcard characters in file name masks, you must specify masks in double quotation marks (""). To separate several masks, use a ',' (comma) character. For example: --includemasks "*.bak,*.pdf".

File inclusion option is applied to all directories that are specified with the --includedirs option. For example, if you include in backup the /home/user/Documents directory and files that match the repor?.pdf file name mask, Veeam Agent for IBM AIX will back up the /home/user/Documents/report.pdf file and will not back up the /home/user/reports/report.pdf file.

--excludemasks

File name mask that defines files that must be excluded from backup. You can use the following UNIX wildcard characters for file name masks:

  • '*' — a substitution for zero or more characters in the file name or path. Can be used for any sequence of characters (including no characters). For example, *.pdf.
  • '?' — a substitution of one character in the file name or path. For example, repor?.pdf.
  • '[]' — a substitution of one character in the file name or path with any of the characters enclosed in square brackets (or a range of characters defined with the '-' character). For example: report_201[3456].pdf or report_201[3-6].pdf.

If you use wildcard characters in file name masks, you must specify masks in double quotation marks (""). To separate several masks, use a ',' (comma) character. For example: --excludemasks "*.bak,*.pdf".

File exclusion option is applied to all directories that are specified with the --includedirs option and files that match file name masks specified with the --includemasks option. For example, you may want to specify the following backup scope for the backup job:

  • Include in backup the /home/user/Documents directory
  • Include files that match the report.* file name mask
  • Exclude files that match the *.odt file name mask.

In this case, Veeam Agent for IBM AIX will back up the /home/user/Documents/report.pdf file and will not back up /home/user/Documents/report.odt and /home/user/reports/report.pdf files.

 

Advanced Backup Job Settings

You can specify the following advanced options for the backup job:

Option

Description and values

--compressionlevel

Data compression level. Possible values:

  • 0 — No compression
  • 1 — Rle
  • 2 — Lz4
  • 3 — ZlibLow
  • 4 — ZlibHigh

The default value is 2.

--blocksize

Data block size in kilobytes. Possible values are 256, 512, 1024 or 4096.

The default value is 1024.

--maxpoints

Number of restore points that you want to store in the backup location. By default, Veeam Agent for IBM AIX keeps 7 latest restore points. When the new restore point that exceeds the specified number is created, Veeam Agent for IBM AIX will remove the earliest restore point from the backup chain.

--prejob

Path to the script that will be executed at the start of the backup job.

--postjob

Path to the script that will be executed after the backup job completes.

--setencryption

Defines that data encryption option is enabled for the job. When you use the veeamconfig job create command with the --setencryption option, Veeam Agent for IBM AIX will prompt you to specify a password for data encryption and hint for the password.

You cannot use this option if you want to save backup files on a Veeam Backup & Replication repository. Encryption options for Veeam Agent backup jobs targeted at a Veeam backup repository are managed by a backup administrator working with Veeam Backup & Replication. To learn more, see the Data Encryption section in the Veeam Backup & Replication User Guide.

--deleteold

Number of days to keep the backup created with the backup job in the target location. If Veeam Agent for IBM AIX does not create new restore points for the backup, the backup will remain in the target location for the specified number of days. When this period is over, the backup will be removed from the target location.

By default, the retention period for old backups is 30 days.

You can specify this option only for backup jobs targeted at a Veeam Backup & Replication repository.

 

Schedule Settings

You can specify schedule options for the backup job to create backups daily or on specific weekdays at specific time:

Option

Description and values

--daily

Defines that the backup job must start daily at specific time.

--weekdays

Weekdays when the backup job must start separated by a comma (','). Possible values are:

  • Mon — Monday
  • Tue — Tuesday
  • Wed — Wednesday
  • Thu — Thursday
  • Fri — Friday
  • Sat — Saturday
  • Sun — Sunday

--at

Time of day when the backup job must start specified in the HH:MM format. For example: 20:00.

After the backup job is created, Veeam Agent for IBM AIX automatically enables backup schedule. To learn about how to configure backup schedule for an existing backup job, see Configuring Backup Schedule.

Active Full Backup Schedule Settings

You can specify schedule options for the backup job to create active full backups on specific weekdays or days of the month:

Option

Description and values

--weekdays-full

Weekdays when the backup job must create an active full backup separated by a comma (','). Possible values are:

  • Mon — Monday
  • Tue — Tuesday
  • Wed — Wednesday
  • Thu — Thursday
  • Fri — Friday
  • Sat — Saturday
  • Sun — Sunday

--thisday-full

Days of the month when the backup job must create an active full backup separated by a comma (','). Possible values are: 1–30 (or 1–31, depending on the month length).

After the backup job is created, Veeam Agent for Linux automatically enables active full backup schedule. To learn about how to configure active full backup schedule for an existing backup job, see Configuring Active Full Backup Schedule.

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