The protected Linux-based endpoint must meet requirements listed in the table below.
The following system requirements apply to Veeam Agent for Linux operating in the standalone mode. To learn about system requirements for Veeam Agent managed by Veeam Backup & Replication, see the System Requirements section in the Veeam Agent Management Guide.
CPU: x86-64 processor (i386 or later).
Memory: 1 GB RAM or more. Memory consumption varies depending on the backup type and the total amount of backed-up data.
Disk Space: 100 MB free disk space for product installation.
Network: 10 Mbps or faster network connection to a backup target.
System firmware: BIOS or UEFI.
Disk layout: MBR or GPT.
For virtual machines: Only full virtualization type is supported. Containers and paravirtualized instances are not supported. Oracle VM virtual machines are supported with limitations.
Linux kernel is supported from version 2.6.32 up to version 5.7.191.
Both 64-bit and 32-bit versions (if applicable) of the following distributions2 are supported:
1 As long as you use kernels supplied by your distribution. Consider the following limitations:
2 Consider the following:
3 Pre-built binary veeamsnap kernel module packages are not compatible with these distributions. Use the dkms packages instead.
4 Consider the following:
Veeam Agent for Linux supports consistent snapshot-based data backup for the following file systems1:
The supported file system (except for Btrfs) can reside on a simple volume or LVM2 volume; volumes protected with encryption software such as dm-crypt are supported. Btrfs is supported only if it resides directly on a physical device with no additional abstraction layers (such as LVM, software RAID, dm-crypt and so on) below or above it.
Data that resides on other file systems and volumes (including NFS and SMB shares) can be backed up using the snapshot-less mode. For details, see Snapshot-Less File-Level Backup.
1 Consider the following:
Important! Linux user account used to work with Veeam Agent for Linux must have the /bin/bash shell set as the default shell.
Protected computer must have the following components installed:
1 Not required for CentOS, RHEL and SLES distributions if a pre-built binary veeamsnap package is to be installed. For details, see Installing Veeam Agent for Linux.
2 Package version varies according to the Linux kernel version that you use.
3 For openSUSE and SLES distributions, either of the following packages is required: libncurses5 or libncurses6.
4 Required for Veeam Agent management — a valid BIOS UUID must be obtainable either from dmidecode | grep -i uuid or from /sys/class/dmi/id/product_uuid. Each Veeam Agent that consumes a license installed in Veeam Backup & Replication must have a unique BIOS UUID. If a valid UUID cannot be obtained, Veeam will generate it automatically.
5 A package with the MySQL database client library is required to process MySQL database system located on the Veeam Agent server. For details, see Backup of MySQL Database. Package version varies according to the MySQL database system version that you use.
6 A package with the PostgreSQL database client library is required to process PostgreSQL database system located on the Veeam Agent server. For details, see Backup of PostgreSQL Database.
7 Consider the following:
8 The btrfs-progs package version 3.16 or later is required.
Any file systems and devices that are accessible from the host OS. To learn about limitations, see File System.
Backup can be performed to the following types of storage:
- Local (internal) storage of the protected computer (not recommended).
- Direct attached storage (DAS), such as USB, eSATA or Firewire external drives.
- Network Attached Storage (NAS) able to represent itself as SMB (CIFS) or NFS share. Requires cifs-utils or nfs-utils packages to be installed on the Veeam Agent for Linux computer, depending on a network storage type.
- Veeam Backup & Replication 10 or later backup repository (including deduplication appliances).
- Veeam Cloud Connect 10 or later cloud repository.
Consider the following:
- Veeam Agent for Linux should be able to establish a direct IP connection to the Veeam Backup & Replication server. Thus, Veeam Agent for Linux cannot work with Veeam Backup & Replication that is located behind the NAT gateway.
- Domain names of the Veeam Agent computer, Veeam Backup & Replication server and other servers in the Veeam backup infrastructure must be resolvable into IPv4 addresses.