Failover

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    Failover is a process of switching from the original VM in the production site to its VM replica in the disaster recovery site. During failover, Veeam Backup & Replication recovers the VM replica to the required restore point and shifts all I/O processes from the original VM to its replica. As a result, you have a fully functional VM within a couple of seconds, and your users can access services and applications with minimum disruption.

    You can fail over to replicas not only when a disaster strikes the production site, but also to test replicas for recoverability. You can perform failover while the original VM is running. After all the necessary tests, you can undo failover and get back to the normal mode of operation. If the original VMs and VM replicas are located in the same network, consider temporary disconnecting the original VMs from the network to avoid IP address or machine name conflicts.

    Important

    Use Veeam Backup & Replication to perform failover operations. Avoid powering on a replica manually — this may disrupt further replication operations or cause loss of important data.

     

    Veeam Backup & Replication performs the failover process for snapshot VM replicas and legacy VM replicas in different ways.

    Snapshot VM Replicas

    The failover operation for snapshot VM replicas is performed in the following way:

    1. Veeam Backup & Replication rolls back the VM replica to the required restore point. To do this, Veeam Backup & Replication applies the necessary snapshot from the replica chain to the VM replica.
    2. Veeam Backup & Replication powers on the VM replica. The state of the VM replica is changed from Ready to Failover.

    If you perform failover for testing or DR simulation purposes, and the original VM still exists and is running, the original VM remains powered on.

    Note

    Veeam Backup & Replication stops all replication activities for the original VM until its replica is returned to the Ready state.

    1. All changes made to the VM replica while it is running in the Failover state are written to the differencing disk (AVHD/AVHDX) of the snapshot, or restore point, to which you have selected to roll back.

    Failover 

    Legacy VM Replicas

    The failover operation for legacy VM replicas is performed in the following way:

    1. To protect the VM replica from altering, Veeam Backup & Replication takes a protective snapshot for the VM replica.
    2. Veeam Backup & Replication rolls back the VM replica to the required restore point.
    3. Veeam Backup & Replication powers on the VM replica. The state of the VM replica is changed from Ready to Failover.

    Note

    Veeam Backup & Replication stops all replication activities for the original VM until its replica is returned to the Ready state.

    1. All changes made to the VM replica while it is running in the Failover state are written to the differencing disk of the created protective snapshot.

    Finalizing Failover

    Failover is an intermediate step that needs to be finalized. You can use one of the following operations:

    Related Topics

    Performing Failover