Veeam Backup & Replication 10
User Guide for Microsoft Hyper-V
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Methods for Archive Backups Creation

You can instruct Veeam Backup & Replication to create archive full backups with the following methods:

  • Synthetic full methodVeeam Backup & Replication synthesizes archive full backups using restore points on the target backup repository.
  • Active full methodVeeam Backup & Replication copies data for archive full backups from the source backup repository. This method is available only for the periodic copy mode.

Synthetic Full Method for Archive Backups

The synthetic full backup is the default method to create archive full backups. Veeam Backup & Replication does not copy data for archive full backups from the source backup repository. It synthesizes archive full backups from backup files that are already stored on the target backup repository. This approach helps reduce load on the network and production environment.

Methods for Archive Backups Creation Note:

The synthetic full method is not recommended if you use a deduplication storage appliance as a target backup repository. Performing a synthetic full backup on such repositories requires additional time and resources to download and decompress backup data blocks.

This recommendation does not apply to HPE StoreOnce, Dell EMC Data Domain and ExaGrid:

  • HPE StoreOnce and Dell EMC Data Domain use virtual synthetics. Veeam Backup & Replication creates archive full backups by virtually synthesizing data blocks from existing backup files.
  • ExaGrid uses adaptive deduplication. Veeam Backup & Replication creates archive full backups from existing backup files that are stored in complete form in ExaGrid high-speed cache.

Methods for Archive Backups Creation 

Active Full Method for Archive Backups

You can instruct Veeam Backup & Replication to create archive full backups (backups retained by the GFS scheme) with the active full backup method. The active full backup method is recommended if you use a deduplicating storage appliance as the target backup repository. Active full backup helps improve the backup copy job performance and reduce the load on the target backup repository.

By default, Veeam Backup & Replication uses the synthetic backup method to create archive full backups. However, synthesizing archive full backups can cause problems with storage performance on deduplicating storage appliances. Deduplicating storage appliances are optimized for sequential data access. The synthetic backup creation, however, takes random I/O operations — Veeam Backup & Replication reads data from existing backup files and writes data to the synthesized archive full backup file. As a result, the storage performance can degrade.

In addition, backups reside on the target backup repository in the deduplicated and compressed state. Before creating synthetic full backups, Veeam Backup & Replication needs to download and decompress data blocks of backups, which requires additional time and resources.

Methods for Archive Backups Creation Note:

Mind the following:

  • The active full backup method does not always copy the most recent restore point from the source backup repository. If the recent restore point is not created by the time the GFS task must start, Veeam Backup & Replication copies the latest available restore point from the source backup repository.
  • If Veeam Backup & Replication does not manage to transfer the restore point during the backup interval, the interval is extended to finalize the transfer.

Methods for Archive Backups Creation 

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