Antivirus Configuration File

The antivirus software that you plan to use for scanning backups is described in the AntivirusInfos.xml file. By default, the file contains predefined settings for the following antivirus software:

  • Symantec Protection Engine
  • ESET
  • Windows Defender
  • Bitdefender Endpoint Security Tools
  • Trellix (formerly McAfee) — Experimental support starting from Veeam Backup & Replication 12.1 (build 12.1.0.2131)

Veeam Backup & Replication creates the AntivirusInfos.xml file in the %ProgramFiles%\Common Files\Veeam\Backup and Replication\Mount Service folder on every machine with the mount server role. During restore session, Veeam Backup & Replication reads settings from the file and triggers the antivirus to scan backup files.

Antivirus Configuration FileSee the default configuration file

<Antiviruses>
  <!-- Symantec -->
  <AntivirusInfo Name='Symantec' IsPortableSoftware='false' ExecutableFilePath='Veeam.Backup.Antivirus.Scan.exe' CommandLineParameters='/p:%Path%' RegPath='HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\symcscan' ServiceName='symcscan' ThreatExistsRegEx='Threat\s+found' IsParallelScanAvailable='false'>
     <ExitCodes>
        <ExitCode Type='Success' Description='No threats detected'>0</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Error' Description='Invalid command line argument'>1</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Error' Description='Antivirus scan was completed with errors'>2</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Error' Description='Antivirus scan was canceled'>4</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Infected' Description='Virus threat was detected'>3</ExitCode>
     </ExitCodes>
  </AntivirusInfo>
  <!-- Eset -->
  <AntivirusInfo Name='Eset File Security' IsPortableSoftware='true' ExecutableFilePath='%ProgramFiles%\ESET\ESET File Security\ecls.exe' CommandLineParameters='%Path% /clean-mode=None /no-symlink' RegPath='' ServiceName='' ThreatExistsRegEx='threat\s*=\s*["&apos;](?!is OK["&apos;])[^"&apos;]+["&apos;]' IsParallelScanAvailable='false'>
     <ExitCodes>
        <ExitCode Type='Success' Description='No threats detected'>0</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Infected' Description='Virus threat was detected'>1</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Warning' Description='Some files were not scanned'>10</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Infected' Description='Virus threat was detected'>50</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Error' Description='Antivirus scan was completed with errors'>100</ExitCode>
     </ExitCodes>
  </AntivirusInfo>
  <AntivirusInfo Name='ESET Antivirus' IsPortableSoftware='true' ExecutableFilePath='%ProgramFiles%\ESET\ESET Security\ecls.exe' CommandLineParameters='%Path% /clean-mode=None /no-symlink' RegPath='' ServiceName='' ThreatExistsRegEx='threat\s*=\s*["&apos;](?!is OK["&apos;])[^"&apos;]+["&apos;]' IsParallelScanAvailable='false'>
     <ExitCodes>
        <ExitCode Type='Success' Description='No threats detected'>0</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Infected' Description='Virus threat was detected'>1</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Warning' Description='Some files were not scanned'>10</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Infected' Description='Virus threat was detected'>50</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Error' Description='Antivirus scan was completed with errors'>100</ExitCode>
     </ExitCodes>
  </AntivirusInfo>
  <!-- Windows Defender -->
  <AntivirusInfo Name='Windows Defender' IsPortableSoftware='false' ExecutableFilePath='%ProgramFiles%\Windows Defender\mpcmdrun.exe' CommandLineParameters='-Scan -ScanType 3 -File %Path% -DisableRemediation -BootSectorScan' RegPath='HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\WinDefend' ServiceName='WinDefend' ThreatExistsRegEx='Threat\s+information' IsParallelScanAvailable='false'>
     <ExitCodes>
        <ExitCode Type='Success' Description='No threats detected'>0</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Error' Description='Antivirus scan was completed with errors'>2</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Infected' Description='Virus threat was detected'>2</ExitCode>
     </ExitCodes>
  </AntivirusInfo>
  <!-- Bitdefender Endpoint Security Tools -->
  <AntivirusInfo Name='Bitdefender Endpoint Security Tools' IsPortableSoftware='true' ExecutableFilePath='%ProgramFiles%\Bitdefender\Endpoint Security\product.console.exe' CommandLineParameters= ' /c FileScan.OnDemand.RunScanTask custom path=%Path%' RegPath='' ServiceName='' ThreatExistsRegEx='Remaining issues:\s[1-9]\d*|Resolved issues:\s[1-9]\d*' IsParallelScanAvailable='false'>
     <ExitCodes>
        <ExitCode Type='Success' Description='Command executed successfully'>0</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Error' Description='Invalid Parameter'>87</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Error' Description='Bad Arguments'>160</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Error' Description='Function Failed – an error occurred while executing the command'>1627</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Infected' Description='A threat was detected on the system'>-526</ExitCode>
     </ExitCodes>
  </AntivirusInfo>
  <!-- Trellix (formerly McAfee, experimental support) -->
  <AntivirusInfo Name='Trellix Command Line Scanner' IsPortableSoftware='true' ExecutableFilePath='<FULL_PATH>\scan.exe' CommandLineParameters='%Path% /NOMEM /ALL /SUB /PROGRAM /RECURSIVE /UNZIP /ANALYZE /MANALYZE /PANALYZE' RegPath='' ServiceName='' ThreatExistsRegEx='Found' IsParallelScanAvailable='false'>
     <ExitCodes>
        <ExitCode Type='Success' Description='No viruses found'>0</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Infected' Description='Virus found'>13</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Infected' Description='Virus found in memory'>10</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Error' Description='Self-integrity check failed'>15</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Error' Description='DAT file not found'>8</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Error' Description='There has been a problem with scan'>6</ExitCode>
        <ExitCode Type='Error' Description='DAT file integrity check failed'>2</ExitCode>
     </ExitCodes>
  </AntivirusInfo>
</Antiviruses>

 

Antivirus Configuration File Structure

The AntivirusInfos.xml file contains the following elements:

Antivirus Configuration FileSee AntivirusInfo attributes

Attribute

Description

Name

Specifies the antivirus name. Veeam Backup & Replication will display this name in restore session logs.

IsPortableSoftware

Indicates if antivirus software is portable:

  • If you set this attribute to True, Veeam Backup & Replication will treat the antivirus software as portable. Before performing secure restore, Veeam Backup & Replication will verify if the antivirus executable file exists. The path to the file is specified by the ExecutableFilePath attribute.
  • If you set this attribute to False, Veeam Backup & Replication will treat the antivirus software as non-portable. Before performing secure restore, Veeam Backup & Replication will verify if the antivirus registry value exists and if the antivirus service is running.
    The key is specified by the RegPath attribute. The service name is specified by the ServiceName attribute.

ExecutableFilePath

Specifies the full path to the antivirus executable file.

Note: Some antivirus software uses separate installation folders for different versions. Make sure that you add the full path to the antivirus executable file you use.

CommandLineParameters

Specifies antivirus commands that you want to execute during the scan. Make sure that the antivirus supports the specified commands. For example, the list of commands for ESET is available in this ESET KB article.

Note: The %Path% variable is required for this attribute. During secure restore, Veeam Backup & Replication substitutes this variable for the path to the folder with mounted disks (C:\VeeamFLR\<machinename>).

ServiceName

Specifies the name of the antivirus service. The service must be responsible for data scanning. The attribute value can be an empty string if IsPortableSoftware = True and ExecutableFilePath is specified.

RegPath

Specifies the registry value of the anitivirus service. The attribute value can be an empty string if IsPortableSoftware = True and ExecutableFilePath is specified.

ThreatExistsRegEx

Specifies regular expressions. A regular expression is a sequence of characters that form a search pattern. Veeam Backup & Replication will search the antivirus output messages for the specified regular expression. If any of the output messages match the expression, Veeam Backup & Replication will notify you on detected threat.

Note: You must have a good understanding of the regular expression language to specify this attribute properly. For more information on the regular expression language, see Microsoft Docs.

IsParallelScanAvailable

Indicates if the antivirus will run multiple jobs to scan files on mounted disks simultaneously.

If you set this attribute to True, Veeam Backup & Replication will lock the antivirus to perform the scan for the current restore session. The antivirus will not be available for other sessions with enabled secure restore until the scan completes.

The default value for antivirus lock time-out is 24 hours. If the scan does not complete after this period, Veeam Backup & Replication will finish other restore sessions as specified in the restore wizard: abort restore sessions or restore machines with restrictions.

Note: You can change the lock time-out using registry values. For more information, contact Veeam Support.

If the antivirus CLI does not support multiple scan jobs, set this attribute to False.

Antivirus Configuration FileSee ExitCode attributes

Attribute

Description

Type

Specifies the subject of the message that Veeam Backup & Replication will display on scan results:

  • Success
  • Infected
  • Warning
  • Error

Description

Specifies the body of the message that Veeam Backup & Replication will display on scan results.

 

 

Customizing Antivirus Configuration File

If you want to scan machine data with other antivirus software, make sure that it supports the command line interface (CLI). Then, add configuration for this software to the AntivirusInfos.xml file. The configuration must contain the AntivirusInfo element with all nested elements and attributes. For more information, see Antivirus Configuration File Structure.

Note

Consider the following:

  • If you made changes to the antivirus configuration file, you do not need to restart Veeam services on the backup server — Veeam Backup & Replication will perform the next malware scan with new settings.
  • During the upgrade, the customized AntivirusInfos.xml file is replaced by the default one. Do not forget to make necessary changes to it.

Tip

You can distribute the XML configuration file among other mount servers in your backup infrastructure using Veeam PowerShell. For more information, see the Copy-VBRAntivirusConfigurationFile section in the Veeam PowerShell Reference.

Page updated 6/21/2024

Page content applies to build 12.1.2.172