Help Center
Choose product document...
Veeam Backup & Replication 9.5
User Guide for Microsoft Hyper-V

SureBackup Job Processing

The recovery verification process includes the following steps:

  1. Getting virtual lab configuration. Veeam Backup & Replication gets information about configuration of the virtual lab where verified VMs must be started.
  2. Starting proxy appliance VM. Veeam Backup & Replication starts the proxy appliance. The proxy appliance is used as a gateway that provides access to the virtual lab.
  3. Configuring network routes. Veeam Backup & Replication adds to the routing table on the backup server new routes for the networks created in the virtual lab.
  4. Preparing application group. In the virtual lab, Veeam Backup & Replication starts VMs from the application group in the specified order and performs necessary tests for them.
  5. Performing verification tasks. In the virtual lab, Veeam Backup & Replication starts verified VMs and performs necessary tests for them.
  6. Performing heartbeat test. Veeam Backup & Replication checks whether the Hyper-V Integration Services heartbeat signal is coming from the VM or not. If the VM has no Hyper-V Integration Services, the test is not performed and a notification is written to the job session details.
  7. Running ping tests. Veeam Backup & Replication checks if the VM responds to the ping requests or not. If the VM has no network adapters or mapped networks for them, the ping test is not performed and a notification is written to the job session details.
  8. Application initialization. Veeam Backup & Replication waits for the applications installed in the VM, for example, Microsoft SQL Server, to start. The application initialization period is defined in settings of the SureBackup job and by default is equal to 120 sec.

Depending on the software installed in a VM, the application initialization process may require more time than specified in the job settings. If applications installed in a VM are not initialized within the specified period of time, test scripts can be completed with errors. If such error situation occurs, you will need to increase the Application initialization timeout value and start the job once again.

  1. Running test scripts. Veeam Backup & Replication runs scripts to test whether the application installed in the VM is working correctly or not. If there are no network adapters on the VM or mapped networks for them, Veeam Backup & Replication skips tests that use the %vm_ip% and %vm_fqdn% variables as the IP address and fully qualified domain name of the VM cannot be determined.

Test results are written to the job session details. To define whether the script has been completed successfully or not, Veeam Backup & Replication uses return codes. If the return code is equal to 0, the script is considered to complete successfully. Other values in the return code mean that the script has failed.

  1. Powering off. After all tests have been performed, Veeam Backup & Replication powers off the verified VM and unregisters it on the Hyper-V host.
  2. Running backup validation test. After a VM has been verified and powered off, Veeam Backup & Replication runs a CRC check to verify the VM backup at the file level and make sure that this file is not corrupted.
  3. Stopping virtual lab engine. Veeam Backup & Replication powers off the proxy appliance in the virtual lab.
  4. Deleting network routes. Veeam Backup & Replication deletes added network routes from the routing table on the backup server.

Stabilization Algorithm

To be able to perform tests for a verified VM without errors, Veeam Backup & Replication needs to know that the VM is ready for testing. To determine this, Veeam Backup & Replication waits for the VM to reach a stabilization point — the moment when the VM boots and reports it is ready for tests. After the stabilization point has been reached, Veeam Backup & Replication can start heartbeat tests, ping tests and test scripts against the VM.

Veeam Backup & Replication establishes a stabilization point with the help of parameters that it gets from the VM. Depending on the VM configuration, it uses one of the four algorithms:

  • Stabilization by IP. This algorithm is used if the VM has network adapters and there are mapped networks for these network adapters. In this case, Veeam Backup & Replication waits for an IP address of the VM for mapped networks that is sent by Hyper-V Integration Services running in the VM or by the Hyper-V host via the proxy appliance. The sent IP address must be valid and must not change for a specific period of time. For more information, see Recovery Verification Tests.
  • Stabilization by heartbeat. This algorithm is used if the VM has Hyper-V Integration Services installed but there are no network adapters and mapped networks for them. In this case, Veeam Backup & Replication waits for a heartbeat signal from Hyper-V Integration Services installed inside the VM.
  • Hybrid heartbeat/IP algorithm. Veeam Backup & Replication uses both the heartbeat signal (if available) and an IP of the VM to stabilize the VM boot process.
  • Stabilization by Maximum allowed boot time. This algorithm is used if the VM has neither Hyper-V Integration Services installed, nor network adapters and mapped networks for them. In this case, Veeam Backup & Replication simply waits for the time specified in the Maximum allowed boot time field, which is considered to be a stabilization period for the VM. Once this time interval is exceeded, Veeam Backup & Replication considers that the VM is successfully booted and is ready for testing.

When the stabilization point has been established, Veeam Backup & Replication runs ping, heartbeat tests and performs test scripts against the verified VM.

The stabilization process cannot exceed the time interval specified in the Maximum allowed boot time field. If the stabilization point cannot be determined within the Maximum allowed boot time, the recovery verification process is finished with the timeout error. For this reason, you should be careful when specifying this value. Typically, a VM started by a SureBackup job requires more time to boot than a VM started regularly. If such error situation occurs, you need to increase the Maximum allowed boot time value and start the job again.

Veeam Large Logo

User Guide for VMware vSphere

User Guide for Microsoft Hyper-V

Enterprise Manager User Guide

Veeam Cloud Connect Guide

Veeam Backup Explorers User Guide

PowerShell Reference

RESTful API Reference

Veeam Backup FREE Edition User Guide

Veeam Backup for Microsoft Office 365

Evaluator's Guide for VMware vSphere

Evaluator's Guide for Microsoft Hyper-V

Veeam ONE Documentation

Veeam Endpoint Backup Documentation

Veeam Management Pack Documentation