Restore from FAT, NTFS or ReFS
To restore individual files and folders from FAT, NTFS and ReFS file systems, you can use the File-Level Restore wizard.
When you perform file-level restore, Veeam Backup & Replication performs the following operations:
- Veeam Backup & Replication mounts VM disks from the backup or replica to the mount server under the C:\VeeamFLR\<vmname> folder. For more information on the mount server, see Mount Server. For information on which mount servers are used depending on your file-level restore scenario, see File-Level Restore Scenarios and Mount Points.
For accessing VM disks content, Veeam Backup & Replication uses its proprietary driver. VM disks are not physically extracted from the backup file or VM replica. Veeam Backup & Replication emulates their presence on the backup server or Veeam Backup & Replication console. The backup file or VM replica itself remains in the read-only state.
- Veeam Backup & Replication launches the Veeam Backup browser where mounted VM disks are displayed. You can browse the VM guest file system in the Veeam Backup browser and restore files or folders to the original or new location.
- When you restore files or folders, the mount server connects to the VM over network or PowerShell Direct, if a connection over the network cannot be established.
PowerShell Direct is used for VMs that reside on Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2016 or later and run Microsoft Windows 10 or Microsoft Windows Server 2016 or later. Veeam Backup & Replication requires Microsoft PowerShell 2.0 or later to work over PowerShell Direct.
- If you need to browse files in Microsoft Windows explorer, Veeam Backup & Replication creates an additional mount point on Veeam Backup & Replication console.
Veeam Backup & Replication creates this mount point only if you instruct Veeam Backup & Replication to mount VM disks there. For more information, see Open Files in Microsoft Windows Explorer.
- When the restore process is finished or the Veeam Backup browser is closed by timeout, Veeam Backup & Replication removes mount points from the backup server or machine on which the Veeam Backup & Replication console is installed and from the mount server (if the second mount was used).
Depending on the restore scenario, Veeam Backup & Replication may create mount points on different backup infrastructure components. For more information, see File-Level Restore Scenarios.