Decrypting Tapes with Password

When you restore encrypted files or backups from tape, you need to specify a password that was used to encrypt data archived to tape.

To unlock encrypted tapes:

  1. Insert encrypted tapes into the tape library.
  2. Catalog the tapes so that Veeam Backup & Replication can read data archived on tape. After you perform catalogization, encrypted tapes will be displayed under the Media > Encrypted node in the tape library. On the cataloged tape, Veeam Backup & Replication displays the key icon to mark it as encrypted.
  3. In the inventory pane, select the Encrypted node under Media node.
  4. In the working area, select the imported tape and click Specify password on the ribbon or right-click the tape and select Specify password.
  5. In the Description field of the Specify Password window, Veeam Backup & Replication displays a hint for the password that was used to encrypt the tape. Use the hint to recall the password.
  6. In the Password field, enter the password for the tape.
  7. If the imported tape is a part of a backup set but is not the last tape in this set, perform catalogization once again.

When Veeam Backup & Replication creates a backup set, it writes catalog data to the last tape in this set.

    • If the imported group of tapes contains the last tape in the backup set, Veeam Backup & Replication retrieves catalog data from the last tape during the initial catalogization process (see point 2 of this procedure).
    • If the imported group of tapes does not contain the last tape in the backup set, Veeam Backup & Replication needs to additionally catalog files on imported tapes.

If you enter a correct password, Veeam Backup & Replication will decrypt the tape media. The tape will be moved under the correct media pool in the inventory pane. You can perform restore operations for data archived to tape as usual.

If you import a backup file from tape and the backup file was encrypted twice, with the initial backup job and with the backup to tape job, you must sequentially specify two passwords:

  1. Password that was used to encrypt tapes in the media pool.
  2. Password for the primary backup job.

After you enter the first password, backups from the tape will be moved under the Backup > Encrypted node in the inventory pane. You must then enter the second password to decrypt the backup and get access to its content.


You can recover data from encrypted backups even if the password is lost. Restoring data without a password is included in the Veeam Universal License. When using a legacy socket-based license, Enterprise or higher edition is required. Also, your backup server must be connected to Veeam Backup Enterprise Manager. For more information, see Decrypting Data Without Password.

Decrypting Tapes with Password 

Page updated 12/21/2023

Page content applies to build