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Veeam Backup & Replication 9.5
User Guide for VMware vSphere

How Backup Copy Works

Veeam Backup & Replication performs backup copy in the following way:

  1. For backup copying process, Veeam Backup & Replication starts two Veeam Data Movers — source Veeam Data Mover and target Veeam Data Mover. Veeam Data Movers location depends on the backup repository type and data transport path. For more information, see Backup Copy Architecture.
  2. The first backup copy interval of the backup copy job always produces a full backup file. Veeam Backup & Replication copies data blocks that are necessary to build a full backup of a VM as of the most recent state.

Veeam Backup & Replication can copy VM data blocks from one or more backup files in the backup chain on the source backup repository.

  • If the backup chain is created in the reverse incremental backup method, Veeam Backup & Replication copies data blocks of the latest full backup.
  • If the backup chain is created in the forward or forever forward incremental backup method, Veeam Backup & Replication copies data blocks from the first full backup and a set of incremental backups.

To minimize the amount of traffic going over the network, Veeam Backup & Replication uses the data compression and deduplication technologies.

  1. Veeam Backup & Replication transports copied VM data to the target backup repository and writes all copied data blocks to the full backup file.
  • If you do not enable the Use per-VM backup files option for the target backup repository, Veeam Backup & Replication creates one backup file on the target backup repository and stores to it data for all VMs processed by the job.
  • If you enable the Use per-VM backup files option, data of every VM in the job is stored to separate backup files on the target backup repository.
  1. During every next backup copy interval, when a new restore point appears on the source backup repository, Veeam Backup & Replication copies incremental changes from this most recent restore point and transfers them to the target backup repository. Veeam Backup & Replication writes the copied data blocks to the incremental backup file on the target backup repository.

How Backup Copy Works 

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