Veeam Backup & Replication 10
User Guide for VMware vSphere
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Moving Inactive Backup Chains to Object Storage

To collect backup files that belong to inactive backup chains from the extents and move them to object storage, Veeam Backup & Replication uses an offload session which is executed automatically every 4 hours.

A complete name of each offload session is built up of the scale-out backup repository name + the Offload postfix. That is, if your scale-out backup repository name is Amazon, the offload session name will be Amazon Offload.

The offload session manages the following:

Validation Process

Before your data can safely be moved to object storage repositories, Veeam Backup & Replication performs the following mandatory verifications and required actions:

For more information, see Backup Chain Legitimacy.

  • Verifies whether source extents are available and have not been put into maintenance mode.

Consider that data will not be offloaded from Linux-based extents that have internet access via HTTP(S) proxy. All Linux-based extents configured in your scale-out backup repository must have direct access to the internet.

  • Verifies whether an object storage repository has not been put into maintenance or seal mode.

For more information, see Switching to Maintenance Mode and Switching to Seal Mode.

  • Verifies whether configuration parameters that define how and when inactive backup chains must be moved to object storage are met.

Such parameters are configured, as described in Add Capacity Tier.

  • Builds and maintains indexes to verify whether data that is being moved is unique and has not been offloaded earlier.

For more information, see Indexes.

  • Synchronizes the backup chain state between the local and object storage repository to maintain retention policies.

For more information, see Retention Policy.

Data Transfer

After the validation process is complete, the SOBR Offload session does the following:

Such verified backup files are collected from all the extents added to a scale-out backup repository.

Such backup files (without data blocks) will remain on the source extents and will also be replicated to the object storage repository.

Having a copy of such dummy files on your extents allows you to:

Having replicated versions of dummy files in object storage repositories allows you to:

The following figure illustrates how inactive backup chains are moved to object storage.

Moving Inactive Backup Chains to Object Storage 

The Figure A demonstrates a pool of extents (A, B and C) that are added to a scale-out backup repository (SOBR) and an object storage repository that is added to the same SOBR.

Suppose that the extent A has an inactive backup chain consisting of one .vbk file and three .vib files, that is, four restore points in total. Each of these files comprises metadata (represented as green vertical blocks) and the actual blocks of data (represented as yellow squares). During the offload session, Veeam Backup & Replication will collect all the orange squares — that is, the actual blocks of data — from all the backup files (.vbk and .vib) and offload these blocks to the object storage repository represented in the Figure B.

Each offloaded block might be of different size, which is defined during configuring storage optimization. The offloaded blocks are placed to the blocks directory in your object storage repository.

Backup files with metadata (or dummy files) will be replicated to the object storage repository and will be placed to the storages directory. As per example, these files are one .vbk file and three .vib files that are shown in the Figure B.

Such an approach will be applied to all inactive backup chains that satisfy validation criteria.

After offload is complete, the new Object Storage node appears in the Home view, under the Backups node and shows backups that have been moved to object storage.

Offload Session Statistics

The offload session results are saved to the configuration database and available for viewing, as described in Viewing Offload Job Session Results.

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