Swap Files

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    You can instruct Veeam Backup & Replication to exclude pagefile.sys and hiberfil.sys files from backups or replicas of Microsoft Windows VMs. As a result, the size of incremental backups and replicas will be smaller.

    • hiberfil.sys is a system file created by the OS for correct work of the hibernate mode.
    • pagefile.sys is a swap file. Swap files are dynamic in nature and can change intensively between job sessions, even if a VM itself does not change much.

    How Swap File Exclusion Works

    When you exclude pagefile.sys and hiberfil.sys files, Veeam Backup & Replication performs the following operations during the job session:

    1. Veeam Backup & Replication accesses the MFT file on the VM guest OS to identify data blocks of pagefile.sys and hiberfil.sys files and zeros them out.
    2. Veeam Backup & Replication processes and transports data blocks of the VM image in the following manner:
      • If a data block of the VM image contains only blocks of these files, Veeam Backup & Replication does not copy this data block to the target.
      • If a data block of the VM image contains blocks of these files and other data, Veeam Backup & Replication copies this block to the target.

    Swap Files 

    Limitations for Swap File Exclusion

    Veeam Backup & Replication can exclude blocks of pagefile.sys and hiberfil.sys files only on the VM guest OS with Microsoft Windows NTFS.

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