Infrastructure Planning

In this article

    Infrastructure of Veeam Backup & Replication depends on business needs and resources of your company. There are a number of things to consider before you start deploying Veeam Backup & Replication. In this section you will find tips and recommendations that may help you design your backup infrastructure.

    Before you deploy Veeam Backup & Replication, consider the following steps:

    1. Define protection scope.
    2. Define RTO and RPO goals.
    3. Select Veeam Backup & Replication features that you will need.
    4. Plan how many copies of your data you need to store (3-2-1 rule).
    5. Design Veeam Backup & Replication infrastructure.

    Step 1. Define Protection Scope

    Define how many machines do you need to protect and the amount of disk space in use by those machines. To gather data on your virtual infrastructure, you can use Veeam ONE or RVTools. For detailed instructions on how to gather data for your protection scope for virtual or physical machines, see the Veeam Backup & Replication Best Practice Guide.

    After defining the protection scope, calculate how much of the total amount of data is actually changing on a daily basis. This information is required because of the mechanism of how Veeam Backup & Replication creates a backup chain. At the first run, Veeam Backup & Replication creates a full backup file; at the second and further runs, Veeam Backup & Replication creates an incremental backup file that contains only the blocks that has been changes since the last backup. As a result, the daily change rate has a significant impact on the backup window and the storage capacity needed to store the backups. As Veeam Backup & Replication creates image-level or block level backups, you need to know the daily change rate on the block level. For VMware vSphere or Microsoft Hyper-V, you can use Veeam ONE to measure and generate a report on the daily change rate of VMs.

    As a result of this step, you can make a list of machines that need to be protected, including the data on which of the machines contain databases, which of the machines host business critical applications, and how much of the total amount of data is changing on these machines on a daily basis. This information will help you in further steps of deployment planning.

    Step 2. Define RPO and RTO

    When making a business continuity and disaster recovery plan, you must define two important parameters: Recovery Point Objective (RPO) and Recovery Time Objective (RTO).

    Infrastructure Planning 

    Define a list of your workloads grouped and organized by how fast they must be recoverable. Divide the list into categories. The higher the recovery priority, the lower the RTO will be required relative to the rest of your workloads.

    Step 3. Select Veeam Backup & Replication Features

    Based on the analysis of your RTO and RPO, you can define your protection plan and select which features are the most suitable for your business needs. It is a common practice to divide servers and applications into categories and use different protection functionality for each category based on SLA (service level agreement). You can take the following table as a reference.


    RPO: Seconds

    RPO: Minutes

    RPO: Hours (<24h)

    RPO: Hours (24-48)

    RTO: Seconds

    CDP Policy (for VMware vSphere)

    Replication Job



    RTO: Minutes


    Snapshot Only Job (for VMware vSphere)

    Backup Job

    Backup Copy Job

    RTO: Hours




    Archive Job (tape)

    Apart from backup and replication options, the RTO also depends on the method of recovery and recovery verification. Veeam Backup & Replication offers a number of recovery options for various disaster recovery scenarios, including instant VM recovery, image-level restore, file-level restore, restore of application items and so on. For details, see the following sections:

    • Restore: performing restore from backup files to the original or a new location.

    Step 4. Plan How Many Copies of Data You Need (3-2-1 rule)

    To build a successful data protection and disaster recovery plan, it is recommended that you follow the 3-2-1 rule:

    Veeam Backup & Replication provides integration with various types of repositories. Select where do you want to store your backup files. For the full list of supported backup repositories, see Backup Repository, Tape Devices Support, Storage Systems Support.

    To plan the required space on repositories, you might also need to analyze for how long will you store the backups. Veeam Backup & Replication provides short-term and long-term (GFS) retention policies to effectively store the backup files.

    Also, calculate required network bandwidth for backup copy operations. Use Bandwidth Calculator.

    Step 5. Design Veeam Backup & Replication Infrastructure

    Veeam Backup & Replication can be used in virtual environments of any size and complexity. The architecture of the solution supports onsite and offsite data protection, operations across remote sites and geographically dispersed locations. Veeam Backup & Replication provides flexible scalability and easily adapts to the needs of your virtual environment.

    Before you install Veeam Backup & Replication, familiarize yourself with common deployment scenarios and plan your backup infrastructure layout. For details, see Deployment Scenarios.

    The easiest way to start is to deploy a Veeam Backup & Replication server, one dedicated server for a backup proxy and one repository. While you keep adding backup jobs, add more proxies and repositories. Each backup infrastructure component has its own specifics and requirements that are described in corresponding sections of this guide:

    Also, keep in mind that in most cases, it is not recommended to deploy Veeam Backup & Replication, Veeam Backup Enterprise Manager and Veeam ONE on the same server. It is recommended to deploy them on separate servers.