Swap Files

You can instruct Veeam Backup & Replication to exclude pagefile.sys and hiberfil.sys files from backups or replicas of Microsoft Windows VMs. As a result, the size of incremental backups and replicas will be smaller.

  • hiberfil.sys is a system file created by the OS for the correct work of the hibernate mode.
  • pagefile.sys is a swap file. Swap files are dynamic and can change intensively between job sessions, even if a VM itself does not change much.

How Swap File Exclusion Works

When you exclude pagefile.sys and hiberfil.sys files, Veeam Backup & Replication performs the following operations during the job session:

  1. Veeam Backup & Replication accesses the MFT file on the VM guest OS to identify data blocks of pagefile.sys and hiberfil.sys files and zeros them out.
  2. Veeam Backup & Replication processes and transports data blocks of the VM image in the following manner:
    • If a data block of the VM image contains only blocks of these files, Veeam Backup & Replication does not copy this data block to the target.
    • If a data block of the VM image contains blocks of these files and other data, Veeam Backup & Replication copies this block to the target.

Swap Files 

Limitations for Swap File Exclusion

Veeam Backup & Replication can exclude blocks of pagefile.sys and hiberfil.sys files only on the VM guest OS with Microsoft Windows NTFS.

Related Topics

Page updated 2/16/2024

Page content applies to build